English irregular verbs are a set of verbs that do not follow the regular conjugation patterns of English verbs. They have unique past tense and past participle forms that are not formed by simply adding "-ed" to the base form of the verb. Learning irregular verbs can be challenging for English language learners, but they are an essential part of English grammar and vocabulary.

The irregularity of English verbs can be traced back to the history of the English language. English has borrowed words from different languages throughout its history, and the conjugation patterns of these borrowed words do not always match the patterns of English verbs. For example, the past tense of the verb "go" is "went," which is derived from an Old English verb that no longer exists in the language. Similarly, the past tense of the verb "see" is "saw," which is derived from a Middle English verb that has since evolved into a different form.

There are over 200 irregular verbs in English, and they are used in a variety of contexts. Some common irregular verbs include "be," "have," "do," "say," "make," "go," "take," "come," and "get." These verbs are essential for basic communication in English, and they are used in a wide range of tenses and sentence structures.

Learning irregular verbs can be challenging for English language learners because there is no set rule for forming their past tense and past participle forms. Instead, learners must memorize the irregular forms of each verb. Some verbs have the same base form, past tense, and past participle, such as "cut," "put," and "set." Others have different forms for each tense, such as "bring" (base form), "brought" (past tense), and "brought" (past participle).

To learn irregular verbs effectively, learners must practice using them in context. This includes reading and listening to English texts that contain irregular verbs, as well as practicing speaking and writing sentences that use these verbs correctly. English language learners may also find it helpful to use flashcards or other memory aids to help them memorize the irregular forms of each verb.

It is important to note that irregular verbs are not the only type of irregularity in English grammar. English also has irregular plural forms, irregular comparatives and superlatives, and irregular noun and pronoun forms. Learning these irregularities is an essential part of becoming proficient in English.

In conclusion, English irregular verbs are an important and challenging aspect of English grammar and vocabulary. They are used in a wide range of contexts, and learners must memorize their unique past tense and past participle forms. To learn irregular verbs effectively, learners should practice using them in context and use memory aids to help them memorize the irregular forms. While learning irregular verbs can be challenging, it is an essential step in becoming proficient in the English language.

Infinitive Simple Past Past Participle
abide abode abode
arise arose arisen
awake awoke awoken
be was, were been
bear bore borne / born
beat beat beaten
become became become
beget begat / begot begotten
begin began begun
bend bent bent
bereave bereft / bereaved bereft / bereaved
bet bet bet
bid bid / bade bid / bidden
bleed bled bled
blow blew blown
break broke broken
breed bred bred
bring brought brought
broadcast broadcast broadcast
build built built
burn burnt / burned burnt / burned
burst burst burst
buy bought bought
can could could
cast cast cast
catch caught caught
chide chid chiden
choose chose chosen
cling clung clung
clothe clad / clothed clad / clothed
come came come
cost cost cost
creep crept crept
cut cut cut
deal dealt dealt
dig dug dug
dive dived dived / dove
do did done
draw drew drawn
dream dreamt / dreamed dreamt / dreamed
drink drank drunk
drive drove driven
dwell dwelt dwelt / dwelled
eat ate eaten
fall fell fallen
feed fed fed
feel felt felt
fight fought fought
find found found
flee fled fled
fling flung flung
fly flew flown
forbid forbade forbidden
forecast forecast forecast
forget forgot forgotten / forgot
forgive forgave forgiven
forsake forsook forsaken
forsee foresaw foresawn
freeze froze frozen
get got gotten / got
give gave given
go went gone
grind ground ground
grow grew grown
hang hung hung
have had had
hear heard heard
hide hid hidden
hit hit hit
hold held held
hurt hurt hurt
keep kept kept
kneel knelt / knelled knelt / kneeled
know knew known
lay laid laid
lead led led
lean leant / leaned leant / leaned
leap leapt / leaped leapt / leaped
learn learnt learnt
leave left left
lend lent lent
let let let
lie lay lain
light lit / lighted lit / lighted
lose lost lost
make made made
mean meant meant
meet met met
mow mowed mowed / mown
offset offset offset
overcome overcame overcome
partake partook partaken
pay paid paid
plead pled / pleaded pled / pleaded
preset preset preset
prove proved proven / proved
put put put
quit quit quit
read read read
relay relaid relaid
rend rent rent
rid rid rid
ride rode ridden
ring rang rung
rise rose risen
run ran run
saw saw / sawed sawn / sawed
say said said
see saw seen
seek sought sought
sell sold sold
send sent sent
set set set
shake shook shaken
shed shed shed
shine shone shone
shoe shod shod
shoot shot shot
show showed shown
shut shut shut
sing sang sung
sink sank / sunk sunk / sunken
sit sat sat
slay slew slain
sleep slept slept
slide slid slid
slink slunk / slinked slunk / slinked
slit slit slit
smell smelt smelt
sow sowed sown / sowed
speak spoke spoken
speed sped sped
spell spelt spelt
spend spent spent
spill spilt / spilled spilt / spilled
spin spun spun
spit spat / spit spat / spit
split split split
spoil spoilt spoilt
spread spread spread
spring sprang sprung
stand stood stood
steal stole stolen
stick stuck stuck
sting stung stung
stink stank stunk
strew strewed strewn / strewed
strike struck stricken / struck
strive strove striven
swear swore sworn
sweat sweat / sweated sweat / sweated
sweep swept swept
swell swelled swollen / swelled
swim swam swum
swing swung swung
take took taken
teach taught taught
tear tore torn
tell told told
think thought thought
thrive throve / thrived thriven / thrived
throw threw thrown
thrust thrust thrust
tread trod trodden
typeset typeset typeset
undergo underwent undergone
understand understood understood
wake woke woken
wear wore worn
weep wept wept
wet wet / wetted wet / wetted
win won won
wind wound wound
withdraw withdrew withdrawn
wring wrung wrung
write wrote written